Colombia Flag

The Colombia flag is a tricolor of yellow, blue and red. The yellow part of the tricolor occupies the top half of the flag followed by blue and red strips which each take up a quarter.

SImilar to most common national flags, the dimensions of the Colombian flag are of the ratio 2:3.

It is generally accepted that the yellow colour represents the gold found in Colombia, the blue signifies the waters of Colombia's oceans and the red symbolises the blood spilled by Colombians in order to secure its independence.

Francisco de Miranda is the person credited with creating the flag as it is today. He designed the flag in the late 18th Century, but was not officially adopted until 26 November 1861.

The official Colombia flag

Two other countries formed from the break-up of Gran Colombia (Ecuador and Venezuela) also have flags with similar colours and designs.

In fact, the only difference between the Colombian and Ecuadorian flag is that the Ecuadorian vesrsion features a coat of arms in the centre.

Venezuela's flag differs from Colomba's (and Ecuador's) flag in that the yellow, blue and red strips are of equal length on the Venezuelan version. 

Regulations for use

Official use of the flag is governed by regulations which include the following:

  • The Colombia flag must be positioned to the left of the person raising it and must be raised at least high enough so that it cannot touch the ground.
  • The flag's coulours must not be faded and the flag itself should not be torn or damaged in any way.
  • The flag must not be adorned with any additional decoration or markings.
  • Any decision to fly the Colombia flag at half mast must be taken by the Ministry of Defence.
  • When the Colombian flag is flown along with flags from other countries, it must be positioned at the centre with the other flags in alphabetic order (in Spanish) from right to left (as seen facing the line of flags).

Flag Day

7 August is the country's official flag day, commemorating the Battle of Boyaca on this date in 1819 which was the crucial battle in sealing Colombia's independence from the Spanish.

Walk around any city, town or village and you will see huge numbers of flags being flown from buildings along every street.

The Colombia flag with an airplane flying overhead

In addition to the national flag each department in Colombia has its own flag.

The flag of Bogota D.C. consists of an upper half of yellow with the lower half red.

The flag of the department of Antioquia, of which Medellin is its capital, is white and green as can be seen in the photo below taken atop Pueblito Paisa in Medellin.

The Colombia Flag flying along side the Department of Antioquia's flag


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